A visa refers to a permit that authorises a foreign national to enter the country and stay in it over a short term if other criteria for entry are met.
After the entry into force of the new EU Visa Code on 5 April 2010, the police no longer issue re-entry visas.
The police may extend the validity of a visa and/or authorised duration of the stay in the event that the visa holder can provide proof of force majeure or humanitarian reasons preventing him or her leaving the territory of the member state before the expiry of the period of validity of the issued visa and/or the authorised duration of stay.
Humanitarian reasons include a sudden serious illness of the visa holder (which prevents him or her from travelling) or a sudden serious illness or death of his or her close family member residing in the member state.
The cancellation of a flight due to a strike or weather conditions, for example, constitutes a force majeure.
In these cases, the visa is extended free of charge.
Under the Visa Code, the period of validity of an issued visa and/or the duration of stay may also be extended if the visa holder is able to provide proof of serious personal reasons justifying the extension of the period of validity or the duration of stay. Serious personal reasons include the extension of important business negotiations beyond what was anticipated or a sudden deterioration in the condition of a family member who is ill.
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