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Traffic offences

The police detect traffic offences and address them every day.  Traffic offences are often discovered in connection with the police’s traffic control or emergency activities. Traffic offences typically pose a danger to others.

A uniformed police officer taking a driving licence from a driver’s outstretched hand through a car window.

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The Criminal Code includes provisions on traffic offences, such as endangering of traffic safety and driving while intoxicated. A traffic offence may also take place on the water, in the air or in railway traffic. 

The sanction for a traffic offence is a fine or imprisonment. Not all infractions committed in traffic are offences; instead, an administrative traffic penalty fee is used to deal with them. The related legislation can be found in the Road Traffic Act and other laws related to road traffic. The traffic penalty fee is also used in water traffic. 

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Traffic offences may lead to a driving ban

The police often deal with the traffic offences detected on site by imposing a fine. The police file a crime report on the most serious offences. In cases of driving while intoxicated, the police conduct a precision breathalyser or blood test on the suspect and file a criminal report. 

The police may also impose a driving ban based on certain offences. Such offences include 

  • repeated traffic infractions and traffic offences,
  • causing a traffic hazard in a manner indicating gross negligence,
  • operation of a vehicle without a licence,
  • driving while intoxicated abroad,
  • driving while intoxicated and aggravated driving while intoxicated,
  • causing a serious traffic hazard,
  • transport of dangerous substances offence.

A marine police officer standing on the deck of a boat holding a breathalyser.

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